László Forró, Towards device physics of the CH3NH3PbI3 photovoltaic perovskite

László Forró

Laboratory of Physics of Complex Matter
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne
CH-1015 Lausannes


Recently, it has been shown by the Snaith1 and Graetzel2 groups that CH3NH3PbI3 is very promising material in photovoltaic devices reaching light conversion efficiency (η) up to 21%. A strong research activity has been focused on the chemistry of the material to establish the most important parameters which could further improve ηand to collect photons from a broad energy window. The major trend in this field is in photovoltaic device engineering although the fundamental aspects of the material are not yet understood.

In my lab we have devoted considerable effort to the growth of high quality single crystals at different length scales, ranging from large bulk crystals (up to 100 mm3) through nanowires3,4 down to quantum dots of tens of nanometers of linear dimensions. The structural tunability of the material allows to study a broad range of physical phenomena including electrical and thermal transport, magnetism and optical properties which will be reported in this presentation together with some device applications5.


Acknowledgement: The work has been performed in collaboration with Endre Horvath, Massimo Spina, Balint Nafradi, Alla Araktcheva, Andrea Pisoni, Jacim Jacimovic and the Van der Marel group. This work was partially supported by the ERC Advanced Grant (PICOPROP#670918).



1. Lee, M. M. et al.,Science 338, 643-647 (2012).

2. Stranks, S. D. et al.. Science, 342, 341−344, (2013).

3. Horvath et al.,Nano Letters 14, 6761, (2015)

4. Spina et al., (2016) Scientific Reports, 6, 1

5. Spina et al., (2015) Small, 11, 4823

Plenary lectures - YUCOMAT 2016

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